Saturday, 14 December 2013

The Return of the Mysterious Xs in Johann Bessler's Apologia Poetica!

When I first wrote my biography of Johann Bessler (Perpetual Motion; An Ancient Mystery Solved?) I mentioned the existence of what I termed X's throughout Apologia Poetica (AP),  at that time I had a suspicion that they weren't actually X's but something rather more mundane. - and it turned out that the character is actually a well-known abbreviation for Et Cetera. written not as we do etc, but as et   - meaning, and the rest, or so on and so forth. Modern German also uses an alternative which is "und so weiter" abbreviated to usw but in print in Bessler's day the fraktur type was used, and the abbreviation was et, which does not immediately resemble the two letters it represents.

If there had been just an occasional use of the abbreviation then nothing remarkable would be inferred, however in his Apologia Poetica it is used so many times that one can only conclude that either the author had no idea of its proper use - or he was attempting to transmit a secret message via the X's and hinted at by the over-abundance of this abbreviation.  In total he uses 684 so-called X's, in some places he uses two X's at the end of a line.  In others he has ten consecutive lines each with an X at the end; but then he can go for twenty pages without a single X.  On the other hand his other publications both before and after AP use no X's or etc's.

There was much discussion a while back on the Besslerwheel forum about the possible meaning of the X's and how to decipher them and the consensus was that the reason for the presence of so many could not be other than some kind of code.  Given the sheer numbers plus the use of two on a line at times, seems to imply the possibility that each X indicated a letter within the particular line.  I had already ruled out the possibility of each X meaning a word, because I went through the whole book looking for any kind of word within or near to any of the X'd lines which might be applied to the description of a wheel part - such as weight, lever, rotate, etc.  - but none appeared. 

One potential path worthy of investigation, I feel, are the passages which contain X's at the ends of several consecutive lines.  I have done some work in this area without any success, but the potential to discover a significant letter within the indicated line seems possible.  Given that Bessler would not have included this code unless he anticipated someone trying to break it, there has to be some kind of clue to aid someone in beginning to decipher it.  One way to look for such clues is to find the unusual occurances of the mysterious X.  So there are the passages with consecutive X's; the lines bearing two X's, presumably indicating the same letter twice; there is the presence of the X's even at the ends of some of Bible references which might seem the oddest place to put them.

What message might Bessler have hidden within the X's?  Given the numbers of  X's is 684, and assuming an average number of letters per word, as being five (taking into account one or two letters as well as longer ones) leaves us with about 135 words, which is actually quite a short message - about half the Gettysburg Address.    

Any suggestions what the message might say?

JC

15 comments:

  1. John,
    if the X's and -'s represent the sign of Pisces to which the constellation chart is aligned,
    it puts the main mechanical action between 4 and 5 o'clock, right where you said the kiiking takes place.

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  2. John, do you know of any web sites that have the un-translated German version of AP for viewing or downloading?

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  3. This is a copy once owned by Baron von Mannsberg, Johann Bessler's last landlord, and the man who commissioned a wheel in 1743.

    http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PPN=PPN616145314&DMDID=&LOGID=LOG_0004&PHYSID=PHYS_0002

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  4. Thank you John and Chris. I was able to download AP in .pdf format. John, I see the X's you refer to in the above post comment.

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  5. Hi John,

    Just a general question. Have you or anyone else ever tried to build Peter Lindemann's interpretation of Bessler's wheel? It is here: http://www.free-energy.ws/pdf/mechanical_engine.pdf. It appears to be very well thought out too, but no one has commented on it. Thanks.

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    Replies
    1. Rey,
      check http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mEesqipy5ik0
      there's a full size model on the video.
      I think the reason it doesn't work is, that although the weight swings off centre, the force is still applied in the same spot by the arm's pivot.

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    2. Oops!
      that's only one E , mEsqipy etc.
      Sorry.

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  6. Yes I have seen it and had some correspondence with Peter. For me it doesn't answer but that doesn't mean it might not be the solution or at least lead to it, I just think that it doesn't seem to bear any resemblance to what I think Bessler designed. I'm sure when the solution is found there may be more than one way to achieve what Bessler did, but using a different configuration, so I wouldn't rule it out altogether.

    JC

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  7. Replies
    1. Peter might have had better luck if the weights started out in the outward position, swung inwards, then outwards. The weight might have a better chance of resetting to the initial position on the crossbar. I hope you see what I an getting at. A slow turning wheel would also be required.

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    2. Actually I should have said the inventor of the wheel in the YouTube video.

      www.youtube.com/watch?v=mEsqipy5ik0

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  8. IMO they represent some of the same information as the added pencil-Xs in MT. But In AP, a lot is done on many pages throughout the whole book, just so the methods can be applied in a system on special pages without looking obvious and suspicious on those pages. They do not contain words. This is IMO.

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  9. Hi John,...Here's wishing you a Happy Christmas and a new year filled with new prospects as a result of the working wheel.

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  10. Thank you Trevor and may I return the compliment. The same kind wishes I extend to all who read me.

    JC

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