Wednesday 22 March 2023
Sunday 12 March 2023
On 6th June, 1712, in Germany, Johann Bessler (also known by his pseudonym, Orffyreus) announced that after many years of failure, he had succeeded in designing and building a perpetual motion machine. For more than fourteen years he exhibited his machine and allowed people to thoroughly examine the outside of it, but it’s internal workings were kept hidden. This was because the inventor feared that his design would be copied and someone else might obtain credit for all his years of hard work looking for the solution. He followed the advice from the famous scientist, Gottfried Leibniz, who was able to examine the device, and recommended a number of demonstrations and tests designed to prove the validity of his machine without giving away the secret of its design.
I was getting ready to share more information but I have decided to hold back a bit longer until a sim has been successfully completed.
The reason for this decision lies in the total lack of any sensible critical response to what I’ve posted. My posts contain information which will lead to a successful working wheel and I’m confident that either myself or some other will succeed using the information I’ve supplied so far. The important information which I will share once the sim has been tested includes the prime mover without which the wheel would quickly come to a stop.
I know that my belief that Bessler’s wheel requires five, seven or nine mechanisms to work, is dismissed, but seeing as an even number of mechanisms has so far completely failed to lead to success, maybe it’s time someone looked at a mechanical arrangement combining an odd number of mechanisms in which two adjacent mechanisms work together to achieve what no other configuration has - other than Johann Bessler’s
I’m constantly amazed that despite the ubiquity of Bessler’s references to the number 5 and 55, including changing his name to accommodate the number, that the importance of this number is dismissed, ignored or just overlooked.
I shouldn’t have assumed that people would accept my interpretation of the clues without the full background. This allowed the clues I found and interpreted correctly to be dismissed, discounted and unproven. I was trying to save space and avoid long pages of texts and numerous illustrations, but as someone commented, it was wrong to think I should complete and publish a book explaining everything, as well as explaining it all in a blog - and if possible build a working model too.
Ken took the book route but failed to persuade anyone of the truth of his clues and interpretations; I don’t want to follow in his footsteps by producing a book with no evidence that it is correct, so a sim and a working wheel will follow as soon as possible.
I will just say this once more: when you see the explanation I’m certain you will understand immediately how and why it works - and why I’m so confident.
In the meantime I will continue to post this blog with a mixture of details of my progress, details of Bessler’s books and reminders of my clues which have the correct interpretations.
Friday 3 March 2023
1) As planned I’m sharing information both here and on the Besslerwheel.com forum Besslerwheel forum . So here is the first part. All of the clues originate from the drawings and text in Grundlicher Bericht, Apologia Poetica, Das Triumphirende and Maschinen Tractate. I will try to keep the details brief and to the point so I won’t be showing where and how I obtained the answers but you can probably work out some of them.
I have always thought that there were two hard facts established about the internal workings of Bessler's wheel and one of them was that there were five mechanisms. The other was that the weights worked in pairs. All else is open to conjecture. But one certainty is that Bessler thought that this piece of information was extremely important and even encoded it in his name right from the moment he adopted the pseudonym, Orffyreus.
I’m well aware that many people dismiss my belief that Bessler used five mechanisms in his wheel but in fact I would go further than that and state that he designed wheels which all had an odd number of mechanism. In [i]Maschinen Tractate (MT)[/i] he suggested this with the following number system, see below:-
He identifies the odd numbers as you see by placing a ‘Z’ next to the odd numbers to provide a clue. There are other clues offering the same information that he used 5, 7 and 9 mechanisms.
The plethora of references to the number five also include a number of pointers to the pentagram. The geometric figure is embedded in many drawings and I’ll show one below. Bessler was familiar with the books by Euclid and in this case he referred to Euclid’s 11th proposition, which ran thus::-
“To inscribe an equilateral and equiangular pentagon in a given circle….”
….and his alternative method, and note how the red and blue lines are designed to skim the edges of the two inner circles. Finally the white angles are 24 degrees. 24 x 3 = 72, 5 x 72 = 360.
JEEB using the Caesar shift becomes WRRO. R is the 18th letter. W 23rd letter which may only be there for the following reason, W is composed of two Roman numerals, V meaning 5.
He often, (dozens of times) hand wrote the letter W as shown below, as two Roman numerals linked together, and you can see it twice in the accompanying passage. They are linked to point to them as pairing, but not in the same 5th segment of the wheel.
Bessler used any opportunity to put a veiled reference to these numbers. I should also point out that the 2G’s, refers to his enemy in chief Andreas Gärtner. The 2 W’s refers to another enemy, Christian Wagner, the two B’s refer to the third enemy, Johann Gottfried Borlach.
First there are the four numbers added to the bottom left corner - 138, 139, 140 and 141. Was Bessler trying to reach the number 141 to get the only factors. 3 x 47, which might link to the three images on MT47?
Was he pointing to Euclid’s 47th construction i.e, “in any right triangle, the square of the two sides connected to the right angle is equal to the square of the third side called the hypotenuse?” Also known as the 3-4-5 right angle?
Or was it the total of 558? 558 seems meaningless unless you simply add them together to get 18. 18 being the basic number upon which all the others are multiples of, in the pentagram, thus number 5 again.
Secondly there is the carefully drawn number 5. placed near to the comment about children’s games. The fact that it has full stop or period with it means it’s a standalone clue or hint, it doesn’t really relate to the number of children’s games. This is also linked to the pentagram.
Thirdly the figures in the Toys page can be divided by 5, see the image below.
Bessler says (paraphrased) that the weights work in pairs. That means one weight from each of two adjoining segments work together, but only when they are at the lowest point in rotation. This will be shown to be part of Bessler’s “connectedness principle”, but there is more to know about that.
The reason for the inclusion of figures C and D is that they form a pair at each advance in rotation of one fifth. When C falls, it pulls D back up a little.
The second figure D, has no arms so although it has weights i.e. an axe, it cannot move of itself, because it has already fallen - so has to be moved by another similar figure, i.e. figure C. Note that figure D has spirals around its body, this is to show that it lies at a different angle to figure C, because it is in the adjacent 5th segment. There is a length of cord running between each of the figures in A, when the active figure C, falls, he pulls the inactive fallen figure D upwards towards its former position.
One of Bessler’s asides includes the following:- a great craftsman would be he who, as one pound falls a quarter, causes four pounds to shoot upwards four quarters.”
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