Friday 29 May 2020

Bessler’s Use of the Orffyreus Codes.

I will begin to post Bessler’s clues and my interpretation of them, in my weekly blogs.  As each new blog appears, I will copy and post my previous one in the ‘pages’ which can be accessed at the top of the panel on the right side of the blog. This will provide easy access to each blog-page and none of the ‘pages‘ will have comments, although the blogs themselves will still allow comments, which will save time for anyone who wishes to read the earlier blogs. I’ll add a copyright notice to each of the ones in ‘pages’.

What follows is my take on why Johann Bessler decided to embed numerous clues in his publications, even though no one was supposed to decipher them before the inventor had received payment for his device

When Bessler set out to discover how to design and build a Perpetual Motion (PM) machine, he had read that such a device would be ‘worth a ton of gold’.  But during the long years of research he  also spent time in considering how to actually obtain a large amount of money for the secret of his machine, should he be successful - sound familiar?

His first and over-riding concern was to keep the secret of his wheel’s construction secure, until he had won his ‘ton of gold’.  Once he had constructed his working wheel he approached a number of wealthy persons of high repute, but he would not share his secret for fear of being cheated, which fact prevented him from obtaining documented verification of his claim. Eventually, as we know, he submitted to the demands of Karl, the Landgrave of Hesse and permitted him access to the interior of the wheel, upon the swearing of an oath. Karl verified the machine and Bessler’s claim.

I believe that for many months both before and after his first successful wheel, Bessler planned a publication extolling the virtues of his machine and later a more impressive account of his journey to success.  This was designed to provide a printed back up of his machine’s design which he could call upon as evidence of the priority of his claim, should the need arise, but he embedded the information within a number of clues.

I think he had already decided on placing coded information about the wheel in his books, long before he decided to allow Karl to see how his wheel worked. This would explain why he put so much time and effort into developing and inserting his coded information, even though he had had his claim validated by the highest authority - before Karl verified his claim, his only guarantee that he could prove his priority lay within the coded information.  He seems to have considered the possibility that he might never sell his machine and thus die without ever receiving acknowledgement for his achievement, so it had an additional purpose although not one he would have expected to happen.

He had become familiar with codes during his time in Prague, and had learned much about several different ciphers.  If he needed to pique someone’s interest about the codes in case of illness, death, imprisonment or some other incapacitating event,  he devised a straightforward clue to initiate the curiosity of a knowledgeable person with the right credentials who would wish to dig deeper, and so he adopted the pseudonym, Orffyreus.

This he created from his name, Bessler, using a well-known mono-alphabetic substitution cipher called atbash,  originally used to encrypt the Hebrew alphabet.  The Caesar shift cipher was similar as is the modern algorithm known as ROT13.  The pseudonym was further refined by the addition of two extra forenames, Johann Ernst, in addition to his given name, Elias.  To the curious eye with some knowledge of the atbash cipher, the three initial letters of his forenames, J.E.E., might spark the idea that here was another cipher but this time it was an alphanumeric one.

Initially one can see that E is the fifth letter and J the tenth. I’m aware of the argument that in Bessler’s day the German alphabet consisted of 24 letters rather than 26, but in our case it doesn't affect the findings of the atbash cipher. JEE becomes WRR, using atbash, which does not seem useful, however we know of another cipher in which letters can represent Roman numerals. The letter W if seen as two ‘V’s, can also represent 5 and 5.  But R is either the seventeenth or eighteenth letter of the alphabet, which doesn’t matter because Bessler decided that the atbash equivalent of E was R, which makes R the 18th letter, so he used the 26 letter alphabet.  The reason for this, as we shall discover is that all these numbers are key angles within the pentagram, and 18 is the base number, but more of that later.  The letter ‘R’ also has another role to play, hence it’s inclusion in the Bessler’s logo as seen above.

So Bessler showed his knowledge of several ciphers and implied that he would be using each of them, plus some others which have not yet been deciphered, in his publications.

Bessler created numerous chronograms which were popular at the time.  One chose certain meaningful quotations from the bible, which contained suitable letters within the text that could be read as Roman numerals.  These when added together gave a relevant date. They were often written above the entrance to a building, to provide an establishment date. This technique was also used by the inventor.


The presence of ciphers was meant to inspire someone to search and find and then decipher each clue. But they could not be made too simple in case someone deciphered them too soon, before the inventor got his money. I have no documentary evidence of this but it was said that Bessler requested and was granted permission for a family vault to be built in his garden at Bad Karlshafen. It seems reasonable to assume that this vault might provide pointers to the hidden information and offer some additional help in deciphering them, to aid those who came after his death, looking for clues about his machine. Unfortunately his vault has never been found. But fear not for I have identified enough clues and deciphered enough of them to reconstruct Bessler’s wheel!

I have posted pointers over the years to the places I looked and found and deciphered clues, and I’ll discuss the specific clues which led me to the solution, with illustrations in the future blogs and this will hopefully spur me on finish my construction, which I have to do in order to prove two things; firstly that this wheel is of the same design as a Bessler’s and secondly the clues I’ve found and my interpretation of them is correct.  As I’ve said before, if the wheel fails, I will continue to post my clues because I believe they are correct.

On that point, I have often said that the mechanism is complex and difficult to build, but on the other hand Karl said it was so simple a carpenter's apprentice could build one if he was given time to study it.  It is difficult to build, at least for me.  If you can see a finished product with all parts in their correct place and all the measurements accessible to you, then yes it could be accomplished more easily.  But working from a huge variety of clues which take time to interpret and then you have to build with a certain amount of trial and error, it is not easy.  The concept is easy to understand and perhaps this was the initial action that Bessler found which encouraged him to keep going.  But getting that action without other actions cancelling out any advantage is a little more difficult.  So even when you think you know the secret you’re only half way there.

Please note that there are no suggestions of links with Rosicrucians, FreeMasons, Numerology, Hermeticism,  Kabbalah, or any other cults, religious factions or other weirdness, they are not required to solve the clues.

‘til next time then.


Friday 22 May 2020

After a PoP Demonstration, Peer Review and Acceptance.

I think that when Bessler’s wheel actually works and is developed into what ever is proven to be its best evolution, it will confirm the opinion of many of us, that it will herald the future of a world with greatly reduced pollution; very cheap electrical supply; all-electric cars, trains, electric boats and ships.  Not sure if electric aircraft would benefit, but I understand there are some efforts being made in that direction.

Conversely, the cessation or severe reduction of the manufacture of all fossil fuel burning vehicles, boats, aircraft and generators etc, may eventually happen, and not necessarily because of Bessler’s wheel, but because pollution, global warming, rising sea levels - not to mention the increasing cost of pumping oil - demands it. But what a welcoming opportunity for the entrance on to the world stage for Bessler’s wheel.

I know that many here doubt the effectiveness of Bessler’s wheel as an electricity generator, but it seems to me that, in the simplest terms, a rotating device, powered only by the effect of gravity on weights, which can rotate another connected device, no matter how weakly, is capable of being scaled upwards to the point where it can be an effective replacement for all electricity generators. It may appear large or cumbersome, but compared to the many solar panels covering much of the roofs of houses in the U.K. it will seem invisible and far more effective!   But I do not believe it will prove to be as weak as most people predict.

What about all the alternatives means of producing electricity presently in use if the above scenario should happen?  Windmills, tidal generators and nuclear energy, can all be proscribed.  But there are others that I think may still have an important role to play.  Hydroelectric energy, geothermal energy and solar power seem likely to have long term use, but all of the above will benefit from the ongoing development of cheaper and more effective batteries or other electrical storage devices in which to store excess power, or as a backup utility.  Biomass is regarded as renewable energy but still produces CO2 when burned, but there are other ways of extracting energy from it, some of which can be directly converted into electrical energy via electrochemical oxidation reduction reaction (redox).

But above all these, in my opinion, Bessler’s wheel triumphs for its simplicity, cleanliness,  low cost, low technology and therefore reliability.


Friday 15 May 2020

Johann Bessler - Misunderstood, Reviled, but a Genius.

The search for the answer to a perpetual motion machine has been going on for hundreds of years if not thousands, and yet we seem to be no nearer a solution now then anyone else has been, apart from Johann Bessler’s machine.  How come he succeeded when no one else, as far as we know, even got near?

According to the man himself, he had two things things in his favour; firstly his extensive practical knowledge in the various trades commonly practised in his day; and secondly his freedom to work on the project all day, every day for as long as it took.

While I accept his expertise and probably his skillset in numerous trades was far in advance of the majority of people today, I’m not sure that that would give him much of an advantage over today’s wealth of information garnered from the internet. But there was one advantage he had over the rest of us and that was that each trade he learned required a hands-on approach, there was no way of learning from books or in a classroom, and I believe this gave him a unique practical knowledge not available to anyone else.  He claimed expertise in each trade but I doubt that each of his mentors would have assessed his work as exemplary, although it could have been adequate, and he could have made good use of the knowledge gained.

Clearly Bessler had a quick and clear understanding of each of the crafts he learned and this stood him in good stead. But to return to the  second advantage he claimed, that of being able to work exclusively on his project, he wasn’t married then so he only had to feed and house himself, but he had to acquire raw materials with which to build his mechanisms, which he would have to pay for, just as we do today. He still had to find ways to earn enough for all his needs and  he had a reputation for having good medical knowledge, another skill he learned during his wandering years, and which  he was called upon occasionally to practice, thus earning himself some income. He also claimed to be able to repair watches, probably mainly pocket and fob watches. With his experience in many areas of life, he had the means to earn enough for his purposes.

So when it comes down to it, his chief advantage seems to have been his experience in physically working in these trades.  But later he decided to adopt the trade of organ maker, learning from his younger brother, Gottfried.  This was a complicated and quite technical device but it used numerous items which Bessler found useful and adapted for his wheel. He did build some organs but it was only  as a means to an end, and gave him knowledge not necessarily accessible elsewhere.

By reading the above you might think I have trivialised his skills as nothing more than those of a journeyman, but far from it.  I believe he had a huge breadth of knowledge specific to his needs and the skills to apply them, but above all he had the intellectual ability to work out how to design and build a working model of his wheel.  Following numerous trial and error experiments he gradually found his way to the correct mechanical arrangement.

His interests were not limited by his desire to build a perpetual motion machine.  As we all know he died while constructing a windmill, but as was typical of Bessler he introduced the idea of a windmill with a vertical axle, allowing it to take advantage of the wind from any direction.  He designed a carillon and wrote the music for it.  He devised a submarine which could be moored under water with an air supply from one of his gravity wheels.  He offered to design and build a leather tanning factory.   He offered to build a fountain driven by his gravity wheel for “the amusement of gentlefolk”.  There is so much more but these examples demonstrate the breadth and depth of his knowledge.

And when you see the true ingenuity of his coding system you will have no doubt that this man was no simple peasant but a misunderstood genius

PS - Don’t forget my granddaughter Amy needs your help, if you feel like donating to her crowdfunding site, your kindness will be gratefully received.  My thanks go out to those generous people who have already donated.  She is improving and our most fervent wish is that she can walk out of the clinic under her own steam, so-to-speak, hopefully before the end of this year.

Look at this

And this


Thursday 7 May 2020

Is there a Guiding Hand?

Looking at the bigger picture one could almost conclude that a guiding hand might be taking a role in the human activities on this planet.  I’m not religious, not even slightly, but sometimes I think I can detect some kind of action which could be seen to be helping or guiding us when we err too much?  It’s not so much a caring guide, more a pragmatic one.

Let us begin with Johann Bessler, who made no secret of his strong faith.  I have always believed that he invented his machine about 300 years too early.  He produced his perpetual motion machine at the very beginning of the steam age and the competition was too great for him to flourish and he died an unhappy and disrespected man.  The age of the petrol engine followed the steam age and each ran in parallel with the development of the electric motor.  The steam engine was the biggest polluter of the planet since humans first emerged,  but it wasn’t so effective as the petrol engine, which developed from nothing to what we see today in about 130 years.  The steam engine took about 300 years to reach the same level of efficiency.  Yet despite the much quicker development time the petrol engine has caused more pollution than the steam engine did and over a much shorter time.

But without these engines and their subsequent development we would not have been able to take  full advantage of the power of electricity and all the extraordinary things we can use it for. So we could assume that without the steam and petrol engines, we could not have reached this point in the evolution of electricity generation.  Therefore I conclude that Bessler’s wheel was born too early, but given the strength of scepticism which surrounds any discussion about Bessler’s wheel these days and his claims for it, perhaps a device like his simply could not be invented today.  So he had to do it then and leave us the strong evidence that he succeeded in building something which is  still thoroughly rejected by the mainstream.  But which I’m certain will be replicated this year, because he left sufficient clues for a reconstruction of his wheel.

But I had already perceived the faint glimmering of a ghostly guiding hand after I became fully aware of the pollution spreading across the face of planet earth, causing global warming. There have been increasing calls for a reduction in greenhouse gases and they become ever more strident.  As the  level of pollution rises amid the increasing concerns about the oil industry, demands for investment in new ways of generating electricity become ever louder, but the results so far have been dismal, ineffective, costly and still result ultimately in more pollution.

It is self-evident that the ocean levels are rising due to the global warming.  Ice sheets and glaciers are melting. The demands for action has become desperate.  Reduction in the output of pollution-creating industries is planned but it is still too slow and still not treated as urgent.  Worldwide public demonstrations against the burning of all forms of fossil fuel are taking place.

But what can be done to mitigate the effects of pollution?  Some people are calling for the cessation of  all aircraft flights! Others demand that we stop driving our cars! Ban the burning of fossil fuels!

To achieve all that inter shortest possible time, there is only one thing that could solve the problem.....inflict a global pandemic on the entire human race. Isolate every member of every nation.  Lockdown everything!  Would this have the desired effect of reducing pollution at a stroke, bring global warming to a gradual to stop?   Certainly that would work, but for how long? Unbelievable and unpleasant as it undoubtedly is, to see it from this view point, you only have to look at the photographs of polluted cities before and after the lockdown to see the impressive reduction in pollution and the improvement in the air quality.  This won’t make the problem of pollution go away, but it is to be hoped that the onslaught of deaths due to the pandemic and the effect on the survivors, will galvanise those who have the power to do something, will take the necessary action required to maintain the advantages demonstrated by them.

Finally, finding the solution to  Bessler’s wheel and developing it into a machine that can  provide enough electricity to run any kind of home with clean free energy will go a long way towards resolving the continuation of the global warming crisis.

It almost seems as though every development, everything that has happened, has been leading to this point, are we being guided to adopt a new life style which can allow humans to continue to live and flourish on this planet - instead of drowning the estimated number of 250,000,000 people, who live on land expected to be submerged by rising sea levels, and which puts the predicted worst case current death rates due to Covid-19 at 250,000 to 300,000 deaths into perspective.  Fewer deaths to save humanity?

Is it coincidence or has someone or something intervened to steer us in the right direction?  Are they  addressing a problem in a purely pragmatic way, considering that the end justifies the means?  My problem is that as an agnostic I believe that it is impossible to know of such a being, but some people might, however, suspect it’s presence by its actions.  Thinking along such lines would require the dismissal of coincidence, which might seems an unlikely option considering how powerfully accurate the timing has had to be, to deal with the consequences of pollution.  Or is this just a natural process which offers solutions and potential opportunities for humanity to grab hold of and use to its advantage?  I think the latter is more likely, but there are some who can see the hand of God.


Saturday 2 May 2020 and B.O.R.G.

As per a recent request I have added the draft copy of the B.O.R.G. Constitution to pages in the right panel.  It does not make very interesting reading but I’ll leave it there for a few days.


I have occasionally mentioned my past membership of a small group of researchers who got together on-line to try to brainstorm a solution to Bessler’s wheel.  This was way back in 1999, it was called B.O.R.G. which stood Bessler Orffyreus Research Group, (we were aware of the other Borgs from Star Trek, no relation!). After a few months we returned to our solitary research, but one member comments from time to time on BW forum plus myself of course, and another is mikeyned, with whom I correspond from time to time. His web site is at  I’ve lost touch with the other two who were involved but I think they moved away from this field of research.

I mention Mikey’s web site because it contains some interesting research into Bessler’s books and drawings and I think it’s well worth a visit to see what he has written. I’m always looking for a new angle on attracting newcomers to this field of research, or hoping that new information will spark a new idea, so take a look at Mikeyned’s web site, it could lead ultimately  to a solution.

The idea of trying to brain storm a solution seemed potentially a good one, but so many ideas and divers reactions led to complex interactions with few designs actually attracting more than a short amount of discussion and study before being dismissed.  I know that sometimes it has been suggested on the BW forum that members should work together to achieve our aim, but I know from my own experience most people have their own ideas and are not so receptive to alternative ones.

I think the way things are working is probably as good as it can be.  Some BW forum members are sharing their designs, some others responding to them, others keeping to their own ideas and continuing to work on their own.  This blog, while it attracts plenty of comments has been visited by  many who pause to read and the move on without commenting, 1448158, since it began, but recently it has attracted a lot more, over 11000 visitors this month!  Of course it could be down to Covid-19! I think that the news about Bessler is spreading at last and I hope this will increase the chances of a breakthrough.

Be assured that when a successful design is achieved it will be shared everywhere, and I’m not just talking about mine! I simply can’t see how anyone who has proof and the evidence of a working Bessler wheel could possibly keep it to himself, or even want to, after so many years of attempting to solve this puzzle.

Good luck to all of you, as I’ve said several times, I would rather anyone found the answer, than no one.

BTW, don’t forget to watch my amazing video at   My video about Bessler’s Codes


Just an update about my gorgeous granddaughter Amy who is now more than 200 miles away instead of 100.  She was moved out of STEPS clinic to make way for Covid-19 patients.  She was making good progress but I’m sure she will adapt to the new place.  She says they talk a different language up there and have different names for things but she is determined to keep improving.  None of her family can visit due to the Covid-19 virus, which we were prepared to do, even planning to stay the night before the lockdown began.

When she first arrived at STEPS she was fed through a tube in her nose, and suffered other indignities which are too unpleasant to mention.  She could not sit up without support, neither could she hold her head up or move it unaided.  She had no feeling in her legs and was unable to stand.  She suffered intense pain in her left arm and hand.  Her left hand and wrist had contorted to such an extent she will have to have surgery eventually to try to get some use out of it.

Yet now she is able to eat normally, the powerful opiates she used to have are no longer needed, the pain in her left arm has almost gone, she can hold and move her head herself, she can sit up unaided, she can manually operate her wheel chair by using both hands although one is still bent double. She is learning to stand up with help.  All this has taken a year of intense physiotherapy, I just hope this new place can maintain her progress.

One last reminder - two years ago she was a much loved primary school teacher.  She had danced as an amateur at the local dance school all her life.  All these recent  problems came about when she suffered an episode of adult croup or whooping cough, possibly caught from one of her pupils, and was sent to hospital.  For reasons which are unclear it was difficult to insert a cannula and after they had managed to attach it, it subsequently became infected.  The rest followed, Amy’s health moved steadily downhill to the point when she arrived at STEPS, but now the only way is up.  A massive thank you to all who have donated, we hope to reach our target of £40,000 in the next few weeks.


Bessler’s Wheel is the answer to Global Warming.

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